NEXT Calgary

Find out about the 1000 ideas for Downtwon Calgary co-created by students at SAPL UofC in collaboration with local stakeholders.

1000 Little Things

and follow the social media campaign and individual ideas  on Twitter and Instagram


[Territorial Acknowledgement] We would like to acknowledge the traditional territories of the Niitsitapi (Blackfoot) and the people of the Treaty 7 region in Southern Alberta, which includes the Siksika, the Piikani, the Kainai, the Tsuut’ina and the Stoney Nakoda First Nations, including Chiniki, Bearpaw, and Wesley First Nations. The City of Calgary is also home to Métis Nation of Alberta, Region III.

[Cross-culture] Cross-cultural studies is an adaptation of the term cross-cultural to describe a branch of literary and cultural studies dealing with works or writers associated with more than one culture. Practitioners of cross-cultural studies often use the term cross-culturalism to describe discourses involving cultural interactivity, or to promote (or disparage) various forms of cultural interactivity.

Dealing with or offering comparison between two or more different cultures or cultural areas. LINK

Background Treaty No 7 medal, taken from: Wikipedia

Design Education

Cross-Culture Education

There are two different Latin roots of the English word “education".  They are “educare", which means to train or to mold, and “educere",  meaning to lead out. While the two meanings are quite different, they are both represented in the word "education” (Craft, M. 1984, Education for diversity. In: Education and cultural pluralism, ed. M. Craft, pp. 5-26. London and Philadelphia: Falmer Press.)

The appearance of the term "cross-cultural" in the titles of a number of college readers and writing textbooks beginning in the late 1980s can be attributed to a convergence of academic multiculturalism and the pedagogical movement known as Writing Across the Curriculum, which gave educators in the Social Sciences greater influence in composition pedagogy. LINK

Resources to consider:

Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous People

Applying Indigenizing Principles of Decolonizing Methods in University Classrooms

Tsuut’ina Board of Education

Further resources can be found here:


(in alphabetical order)


Aboriginal Financial Officers Association of Alberta

Aboriginal Friendship Centre of Calgary

Alberta Government: First Nations

Alberta Government: First Nations protocol agreements

Alberta Government: Indigenous consultations in Alberta

Alberta Government: Indigenous women’s initiatives

Alberta Government: Metis in Alberta

Alberta Health Services: Indigenous Health

Alberta Human Rights Commission

Alberta Native Friendship Centres Association

Alberta Native News

Alberta Online Encyclopedia: Treaty 7: Past and Present 

Allison’s Blog (blog)

American Indigenous Research Association



Awo Taan Healing Lodge Society


Band-by-Provinces Map

Blackfoot Digital Library
Bow Valley College: Iniikokaan Centre

Buffalo Runners


Calgary Aboriginal Urban Affairs Committee (CAUAC)

Calgary Board of Education: Niitsitapi Learning Centre

Calgary Foundation

Calgary Herald: Indigenous issues

Calgary Public Library: Central Library: Indigenous Services

Canada Bridges

Canada Bridges: AYE - A Youth Explosion

Canadian Aboriginal Festival

Canadian Literature Centre

Canadian Roots Exchange


CBC: Indigenous

CBC: Unreserved

City of Calgary: Indigenous peoples

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC)


Dà-Hí (magazine)
Drezus (Musican/Rapper)


Eschia Books


First Nations Drum

First Nations Child & Family Caring Society
First Nations Periodical Index

First Nations University of Canada


Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies and Applied Research

Galileo Educational Network: Nitsitapiisinni: Stories and Spaces: Exploring Kainai Plants and Culture

Galileo Educational Network: Wild & Free

Global News: Alberta Indigenous

Government of Canada: Treaties, agreements and negotiations

Government of Canada: Treaty Texts: Treaty and Supplementary Treaty No. 7


Hanneroak Publishing


Indi City (fashion label)

Indian Horse (film)

Indigenous Corporate training Inc

Indigenous Engagment Charter (pdf)

Indigenous Governance Forum

Indigenous Services Canada (ISC)


Inhabit Media

Kegedonce Press

Institute For The Advancement of Aboriginal Women (IAAW)

Inuit Heriatage Trust


Jeremy Dutcher (Performer, Composer, Activist, Musciologist)


Keeping it Riel with the MNA (the Métis Nation of Alberta’s Youth Programs and Services team)


La Skins Fest


Manitobah Mukluks (footwear)

Martin Family Initative

Metis Calgary Family Services

Mount Royal University: Indigenous Mount Royal

Mount Royal University: Iniskim Centre


Native American and Indigenous Studies Association (NAISA)

Native Counselling Services of Alberta

Native Land

National Centre for Collaboration: in Indigenous Education (NCCIE)

NCRM: Indigenous and non-indigenous research partnerships

Ningwakwe Aboriginal Press


Orange Shirt Day

Our Elder Stories

Our Golden Hour


Pemmican Publications (publisher)

Portage & Main Press (publisher) 


Rabbit and Bear Paws
Revolutions Per Minute: Indigenous Music Culture Roy Whitney Onespot (Tsuut’ina Chief)


Section 35 (clothing line)

Sisters in Spirit, October 4th

Straight Up Feather (Song Writer/Hip Hop Artist)


The Alberta First Nations Information Governance Centre

The Canadian Encyclopedia: Indigenous Peoples

Think Indigenous (conference)

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Call to Action (pdf)


United Nations: Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

University of Calgary: Alberta Indigenous Mentorship in Health Innovation (AIM-HI) Network

University of Calgary: Office of Indigenous Engagement

University of Calgary: Supporting Aboriginal Graduate Enhancement (SAGE)

University of Calgary: Writing Symbols Lodge

University of Toronto: Centre for Indigenous Studies

Urban Society for Aboriginal Youth

Urban Society ofr Aboriginal Youth:  New Tribe Magazine


Virtual Museum of Canada: Inuit Culture


Windspeaker  (Aboriginal multi-media society)
These resources are not monitored and NXC does not take responsibility for their contents.


(in thematical order)

. Design
. Education
. Indigenous Research Journals
. Indigenous Ways of Knowing and Living
. Language
. Planning



Design Justice Network

Internation Indigenous Design Charter (pdf)

Race, Space & Architecture



Alberta Government: First Nations, Metis and Inuit education

Assembly of First Nations: Education
Assembly of First Nations: First Nations Control of First Nations Education (pdf)

Battiste, M. and Barman, J., 1995. First Nations education in Canada: The circle unfolds. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Battiste, M. and Youngblood Henderson, J., 2009. Naturalizing Indigenous knowledge in eurocentric education. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 32(2), pp.5-18.

Blackfoot Confederacy Education

Calgary Board of Education: Indigenous Education

Canadian School Boards Association: Charter of Commitment; First Nations, Metis and Inuit Education (pdf)
Canadian School Boards Association: Indigenous Education

Cajete, G., 1994. Look to the mountain: An ecology of Indigenous education. Durango: Kivaki Press.

CBC Radio. 2018, 26 February. “Universities don't become different just by wishing for it": Eve Tuck on the challenge of changing academia. Available at: <>

Cote-Meek, S., 2004. Colonized classrooms: Racism, trauma and resistance in post-secondary education. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing.

Deer, F. and Falkenberg, T., eds., 2016. Indigenous perspectives on education for well-being in Canada. Winnipeg: Education for Sustainable Well-Being Press.

Edmonton Public Schools: First Nations, Metis, and Inuit Education

Findlay, L., 2000. Always indigenize! The radical humanities in the postcolonial Canadian University. ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature, 31(1), pp.307-326.

First Nations Education Steering Committee

Government of Alberta: First Nations, Metis and Inuit Education

Iseke-Barnes, J.M., 2008, Pedagogies for decolonizing. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 31(1), pp.123-148.

Louie, D., Poitras Pratt, Y., Hanson, A., & Ottmann, J., 2017. Applying indigenizing principles of decolonizing methodologies in university classrooms. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 47(3), pp.16-33.

Lowan-Trudeau, G., 2017. Narrating a critical Indigenous pedagogy of place: A literary métissage. Educational Theory, 67(4), pp.509-525.

McFarlane, P. and Schabus, N., eds., 2017. Whose land is it anyway? A manual for decolonization. Vancouver: Federation of Post-Secondary Educators of BC. Available at: <>

Mihesuah, D.A. and Wilson, A.C., eds., 2004. Indigenizing the academy: Transforming scholarship and empowering communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Ottmann, J., 2013. Indigenizing the academy: Confronting "contentious ground”.The Morning Watch: Educational and Social Analysis, 40(3-4), pp.8-24.

Pidgeon, M., 2016. More than a checklist: Meaningful Indigenous inclusion in higher education. Social Inclusion, 4(1), pp.77-91.

Pirbhai-Illich, F., Shauneen, P. and Martin, F., eds., 2017. Culturally responsive pedagogy: Working towards decolonization, indigeneity and interculturalism. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Poitras Pratt, Y., & Danyluk, P.J., 2019. Exploring reconciliatory pedagogy and its possibilities through educator-led praxis. The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 10(3). <>

Poitras Pratt, Y., & Danyluk, P., 2018. Transforming teachers and practices through First Nations, Métis and Inuit community learning experiences. In: D. Lund & K. Grain, eds., Wiley international handbook of service-learning for social justice. Boston, MA: Wiley Press, pp.171-190.

Poitras Pratt, Y., & Danyluk, P., 2017. Learning what schooling left out: Making an Indigenous case for critical service-learning and critical pedagogy within teacher education. Canadian Journal of Education, 40 (1). Available at: <>

Poitras Pratt, Y. & Lalonde, S., 2018. Art as transformative learning enroute to reconciliation. In: M.A., Peters, eds., Educational philosophy and theory. Singapore: Springer. Available at: <>

Poitras Pratt, Y., Louie, D.W., Hanson, A.J. & Ottman, J., 2018. Indigenous education and decolonization. In: G. Nobilt, eds., Oxford research encyclopedia of education. New York: Oxford University Press. Available at: <

Ragoonaden, K. and Mueller, L., 2017. Culturally responsive pedagogy: Indigenizing curriculum. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 47(2), pp.22-46.

Simpson, L. B., 2014. Land as pedagogy: Nishnaabeg intelligence and rebellious transformation. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 3(3), pp.1-25.

Stoney Education Authority

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Canada’s residential schools (reports)

Tsuut’ina Board of Education

Tuck, E. and Yang, K.W., 2012. Decolonization is not a metaphor. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education and Society, 1(1), pp.1-40.

Universities Canada, Indigenous education

University of Calgary, Werklund School of Education: Indigenous education

University of Calgary, Werklund School of Education: Indigenous education resources


Indigenous Research Journals

Aboriginal Policy Studies

AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples

American Indian & Alaska Native Mental Health Research

American Indian Law Review

American Indian Quarterly

Ayaangwaamizin: The International Journal of Indigenous Philosophy

Canadian Journal of Native Education

Canadian Journal of Native Studies

Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society

Etudes Inuit Studies

First Peoples Child & Family Review

Indigenous Law Journal

International Indigenous Policy Journal

International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies

International Journal of Indigenous Health

Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development

Journal of Aboriginal Health

Journal of American Indian Education

Journal of Indigenous Research (Full Circle: Returning Native Research to the People)

Journal of Indigenous Wellbeing

Native American and Indigenous Studies Association Journal

Native Social Work Journal (Nishnaabe Kinoomaadwin Naadmaadwin)

Native Studies Review

The Canadian Journal of Native Studies

The Indigenous Peoples’ Journal of Law, Culture, and Resistance

Wicazo Sa Review

Indigenous Ways of Knowing and Living

Atleo, E.R., 2004. Tsawalk: A Nuu-chah-nulth worldview. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Bastien, B. - edited by Kremer J.W. and assited by Duane Mistaken Chief, 2004. Blackfoot ways of knowing: The worldview of the Siksikaitsitapi. Calgary: UofC Press. Available at: <>

Battiste, M., eds., 2000. Reclaiming Indigenous voice and vision. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Battiste, M. and Youngblood Henderson, J., 2000. Protecting indigenous knowledge and heritage: A global challenge. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing.

Beaulieu, D., 2012. Dene traditional knowledge about caribou cycles in the Northwest Territories. Rangifer, 32(2), pp.59–67.

Buck, W. (2009). Atchakosuk: Ininewuk stories of the stars. First Nations Perspectives Journal, 2(1), pp.71-83. Available at: <>

Calgary Foundation, 2019. Treaty 7 Indigenous Ally Toolkit. Available at: <>

Edge, L. and McCallum, T., 2006. Metis identity: Sharing traditional knowledge and healing practices at Metis elders gatherings. Pimatisiwin, 4(2), pp.83-115.

Johnson, M., 1992. Dene traditional knowledge. Northern Perspectives, 20(1), pp.3–5.

Kimmer, R.W., 2014. Braiding sweetgrass: Indigenous wisdom, scientific knowledge and the teaching of plants. Minneapolis: Milkweed Editions.

LeRat, H. & Ungar, L., 2005. Treaty promises, Indian reality: Life on a reserve. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing.

McCall, S., Reder, D., Gaertner, D. & L’Hirondelle Hill, G. (2017). Read, listen, tell: Indigenous stories from turtle island. Waterlow ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Marshall Leigh, G., 2019. Annoh’kotsiiyop: A Blackfoot graphic novel. Calgary: Urban Society for Aborginal Youth. 

Montreal Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network: Indigenous Ally Toolkit. Available at: <>

King, T., 2013. The inconvenient Indian: A curious account of Native People in North America. Toronto: Anchor Canada

Umeek/Atleo, E.R., 2011. Principles of tsawalk: An indigenous approach to global crisis. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Whitehead, J., 2018. Jonny Appleseed: A novel. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press.



Auger, N., 2017. Discovering animals: English, French, Cree. Rocky Mountain Books.

Canadia Geographic: Mapping Indigenous languages in Canada

Dene Language Revitalization: Course Handbook (pdf)

Original Voices (CBC Indigenous)

Rocky Mountain Nakoda: Language introduction

Tsuut’ina Gunaha Institute

Tsuut'ina Greetings (video)

Tsuut'ina Linguistics (video)



Brody, H., 2009. Other side of eden: Hunters, farmers and the shaping of the world. Vancouver: D & M Publishers.

Colbourne, R. and Anderson, R., ed., 2020. Indigenous wellbeing and enterprise: Self-determination and sustainable economic development. London: Routledge.

Cruikshank, J., 2006. Do glaciers listen? Local knoweldge, colonial encounters, and social imagination. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Kermoal, N.  and Altamirano-Jimenez, I., eds., 2016. Living on the land: Indigenous women’s understanding of place. Edmonton: AU Press.

Little Bear, L., 2004. A conceptual anatomy of the blackfoot word. ReVision, 26(3), pp.31–38.

Louis, R.P., 2007. Can you hear us now? Voices from the margin: Using Indigenous methodologies in geographic research. Geographical Research, 45(2), pp.130-139

Millette, D., 2011. Land use planning on aboriginal lands - towards a new model for planning on reserve lands. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 20(2), pp.20–35.

Native Land

Nelson, S., 2006. The utilization of traditional knowledge, land use and occupancy studies: A case study from western Alberta, Canada. [online] ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. Available at: <>

Pearce, M.W. and Louis, R.P., 2008. Mapping indigenous depth of place. [online] Available at: <>

Prusak, S.Y., Walker, R. and Innes, R., 2016. Toward indigenous planning? First Nation community planning in Saskatchewan, Canada. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 36(4), pp.440–450.
unknown, 2016. Plan Canada - 56(4). [online] Available at: <>

Walker, R., Jojola, T. and Natcher, D., 2013. Reclaiming indigenous planning. Montréal: MQUP.

Wied-Neuwied, M.A.P., 1976. People of the first man: Life among the Plains Indians in their final days of glory : The firsthand account of Prince Maximilian’s expedition up the Missouri River, 1833-34. New York: Dutton.

Zedeño, M.N., 2017. Bison hunters and the Rocky Mountains: An evolving partnership. Quaternary International, 461, pp.80–101.


Research Methodologies/Methods

Archibald, J., 2008. ‘Indigenous storywork methdology’. In: G. Knowles,  J. Gary and Cole A.L., eds. Handbook of the arts in qualitative research: Perspectives, methdologies, examples and issues. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage, pp.371-384.

Chilisa Bagele (2012). Indigenous methodologies,. London: Sage.

Denzin, N.K., Lincoln, Y.S. and Smith L.T., eds, 2008. Critical and indigenous methdologies. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Indigenous/Non-Indigenous Research Partnerships

Indigenous/Non-Indigenous Research Partnerships Comic [pdf]

Kievit, J.A., 2003. A discussion of scholarly responsbilities to indigenous communities. American Indian Quaterly, Special Issue: Experiences in the Ivory Tower (Winter-Spring), 27(1/2), pp.3-45.

Kovach, M.E., 2010. Indigenous methods: Characteristics,conversations, and contexts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Lambert, L., 2014. Research for indigenous survival: Indigenous research methdologies in the behavioural sciences. Pablo, Montana: Salish Kootenai College.

Smith, L.T., 2012, 2nd Edition. Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. London: Zed Books.

Somatics toolkit

Strega, S. and Brown, L., 2015, 2nd Edition. Research as resistance: Revisiting critical, indigenous, and anti-oppresive approaches. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press.

Walter, M. and Andersen, C., 2013. Indigenous statistics: A quantitative research methodology. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Wilson, S., 2008. Research is ceremony: Indigenous research methods. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing.

These resources are not monitored and NXC does not take responsibility for their contents.